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HI-TECH MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL, BHUBANESWAR
HI-TECH DENTAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL, BHUBANESWAR
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SYLLABI FOR BDS

The syllabi given here under are only illustrative and not exhaustive. The syllabi are in line with courses of studies in science stream for the higher courses of studies in science stream for the Higher Secondary Examination 2016 . Since the exam is conducted with a view to preparing merit lists for admission the decision of the examination centre committee as regards the scope of the syllabus is FINAL.

1.PHYSICS:
Measurements and Motion : Concept of Mass,length and Time, SI Units. Conversion of MKS system of units to SI Units. Dimension and  Dimensional equations of mechanical quantities, Vector addition, Subtraction, Scalar and Vector products. Lami’s Teorem. Equations of liner motion for uniformly accelerated bodies(by calculus method). Newton’s laws of motion, Conservation of energy and momentum collision, Work, Energy, power, sliding and rolling friction. Motion in circular orbits, centripetal force. Banking of tracks, Kepler’s  laws(Statements only). Newton’s laws of gravitation. Earth satellite – orbital and escape velocities. Moment of inertia definition and expression for rod, ring and circular disc. Angular momentum and conservation of angular momentum, projectile motion.
Kinetic theory of gases and Thermodynamics: Basic assumptions, derivation of expressions for pressure, law of equipartition of energy, mean energy, gas equation, specific heats of gases, relation between Cp and Cv.
Work and Heat : Concept of temperature. Definition of “J” First law of thermodynamics , reversible, isothermal and adiabatic processes. Carnot cycle/Carnot engine . Second law of thermodynamics, absolute scale of temperature, law of radiation. Newton’s law of cooling. Thermal energy, specific heat, latent heat, thermal conductivity and its determination by Searle’s method. Characteristics of Materials: Elastic and Plastic behaviors of solids, elastic limit Young’s modulus, Shear and Bulk modulus, Poissions ratio.
Liquids: Intermolecular force, cohesion, adhesion, surface and surface energy, determination of surface tension by capillary rise method.
Flow of liquids: Streamlined and turbulent flow. Atmospheric pressure, Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle of Flotation.Bernoulli’s equation and its application. Velocity – coefficient of velocity, stokes law.
Electricity: Electric field and potential at a point and capacitor, Kirchhoff’s laws and their application, wheatstone bridge. Joule’s law of heat. Faraday’s law of electrolysis. Biot-Savert’s law, Field due to circular coil at its centre. Moving coil galvanometer (dead beat only). Force on a moving charge in magnetic fields. Lenz’s law. Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction rotation coil in a magnetic field. Alternating current, self and mutual induction, phase relation between voltage and current in a pure resistance, inductance and capacitance, dynamo, motor, transformer, elementary idea on electromagnetic waves. Capacitance, dielectric constant and its effect on capacitance. Permeability susceptibility, diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic substance.
Wave motion:- Simple harmonic motion, wave propagation, characteristics of wave motion, longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves, stationary waves. Beats, open an closed organ pipes, velocity of sound in air-effect of pressure, temperature and humidity on it. Doppler effect. Laws of transverse vibration of string (Statement only).
Optics: Reflection and Refraction at curved surfaces. Spherical mirror and thin lens formula and refraction through prism. Total internal reflection, dispersion. Hygen’s principle, reflection and refraction by plane surface, Young’s double slit experiment.
Electronic Devices: Energy and band (descriptive idea only), metals, insulator and semi conductors, intrinsic P –type and N-type semiconductors. Thermionic emission, vacuum triode construction and characteristics, PN junction, PNP and NPN transistor as amplifiers.
Relativity and Nuclear Physics: Postulates of special theory of relativity, variation of mass (statement only), mass energy relation(Statement only).
Atomic nucleus, nuclear forces, nuclear mass, binding energy, mass defect, artificial radio activity, radio isotopes and their uses. Nuclear fission, energy released, chain reaction, controlled chain reaction, fusion, energy generation in the sun, radiation hazards.

2. CHEMISTRY:
General behavior of matter
Solid State: Characteristics, Solubility, Melting points, Crystal Structure of simple ionic compounds.
Liquid State: Characteristics, Boiling and Freezing points, Viscosity, Surface tension, Osmosis, Raoult’s law, Lowering of vapour pressure, Depression of freezing points, Elevation of boiling points.
Gaseous State: Gas laws, Kinetic model of gases, ideal gas equation, Vander wall’s equation, Average root mean square and most probable velocities.
Atoms and molecules: Symbols, Valence, Atomic mass, Molecular weight, Avogadro’s hypothesis, Mole concept, Determination of equivalent weight of zinc and copper, Atomic mass by Dulong Petit’s method and molecular mass by Victor Mayor’s method.
Structure of Atoms and Molecules: Fundamentals particles and their properties, Rutherford and Bohr models of atom, Atomic structure, Energy levels, Shell ad Sub-shells, s,p and d orbitals, quantum numbers, Pauli’s exclusion principle, Aufbau-principle, Hund’s rule, Electronic configuration of atoms.
Chemical Bonds: Ionic, covalent, Coordinate and Hydrogen bond, Hybridisation – SP3 ,SP2 and SP.
Periodic Classification: Periodic table and periodic laws, s, p, d and f block elements, Periodicity in properties such as atomic and ionic radii, Dalton’s atomic theory, laws of chemical combination, Ionisation energy, Electro negativity and Oxidation state.
Chemical energetic, equilibrium and kinetics:
Energetic: Internal Energy, Enthalpy, Heat of reaction, Bond Energy, Hess’s law, Idea on enthalpy and free energy.
Equlibria: Reversible reaction, Laws of mass action, Equilibrium constant Kp,Kc and their relation. Its application to ammonia synthesis and dissociation of HI, Decomposition and thermal dissociation, Solubility product, Common ion effect, Ionic  product of water, pH Hydrolisis of salt, Buffer solution.
Kinetics: Rate of reaction, Factors affecting the rate, Rate constant, Order and Molecularity of reaction, Simple zero and first order reaction, Half life period, Arrehnious equation and activation Energy.
Types of Chemical reaction: Neutralistion and oxidation – Reduction reaction, Equivalent weight, Normality, Morality and Molality, Oxidation number, Balancing chemical reactions, Ion electron reaction involving KmnO4,K2Cr2 O7,Na2S2O3, oxalate etc.
Non-Metals:  Group study, preparation, properties and  uses of elements of compounds of hydrogen(ortho and para hydrogen, isotopes of hydrogen, D2O and H2O2). Allotropes of carbon, Silicones, Silicon carbide, Nitrogen family(H3 and HNO3) Oxygen and Sulphur family(O2H2S,SO2,H2SO4,Contact process) I, Halogens, Hydrogen halides and Inerhalogen compounds.
Electro chemistry: Electrolysis, Electrical Conductivity, Faraday’s laws, Kohlaurash law, Galvanic cell, Cell reaction, Nernst equation, Standard electrode potential, electro chemical series e.m.f of simple cells.
Nuclear Chemistry: Radioactivity, group displacement law, Half-life period, Carbon dating, Nuclear Fission and Fusion.
Metals of Metallurgy: Occurrence of metal, Metallurgy ores, flux, slag calcinations, roasting, smelting(by reduction of oxides) and refining. General trends in the characteristics, principles of extraction of Na, Mg,Ca,AL,Cu and Fe and their oxides hydroxides, chlorides, nitrates and sulphates.
Organic chemistry: Introduction, Functional Groups, Nomenclature, Isomerism, Polymerisation, sp3, sp2, sp hybridization, Preparation and properties of simple alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and monohalogen derivaties. Preparation and properties of alipathic nitro paraffins, types of alipathic amines, Preparation and properties of simple primary amines.
General methods of preparation, properties and uses of alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, acid, chlorides and amides.
Aromatic compounds: Aromaticity, Aromatic substitutions Addition and Oxidation reactions, phenol, reamer-Tiemann reaction, benzaldehyde(by Estard’s reaction), Cannizarro’s reaction, bezoic acid.
Biochemistry: Biological importance of organic compounds such as carbohydrates, amino acids, proteis, lipids and nucleic acids(only by metabolic process).
Industrial Chemistry:  General idea on fertilizers, pesticides, polymers (nylon, terylene, neoprene, buna-s pvc, Teflon Bakelite) and medicine analgesic, antipyretic, antibiotic and antiseptic(Structure and preparation not required).

3.BOTANY
History: History, Botanical studies, Braches of Botany, Brief classification of plant kingdom. Scope of botany, cell biology, cell therapy.
Plant cell: Structure of typical plant cell, cell wall and cell membrane, Protoplasm- Physical and chemical nature, Cell organelle-structure and functions, nucleus, lysosomes, golgi  bodies, plastids, ribosomes, mitochondria, chromosomes, spherosmomes, important compounds of cell, water, amino acids, carbohydrates, fats, nucleotides, nucleic acids.
Cell inclusions, physical and chemical nature and functions of enzymes, vitamins and hormones, mode of enzyme action, cell cycle.
Complexities of Plant life:  Meristematic tissues, permanent, simple and complex tissues, Internal structure of dicot and monocot systems, and  roots, Internal structure of Isobilateral and Dorsiveventral with functions of different tissues, Normal  secondary growth in dicot stems.
Morphology of angiosperms: Normal and Modified stems, roots and leaves, Inflorescence, Flower and its parts, floral diagram and floral formula, pollination, fertilization, fruits.
Taxonomy of flowering plants: Principle and units of classification (species, genus, family), Knowledge of important families and their economic importance.
Continuity of plant life:- Genetics (elementary knowledge), Mitosis and Meiosis and their significance,  Principles of Mendel’s law of inheritance, Monohybrid and Dihybrid ratio, concept of gene, Elementary idea of gene action, evolution, theories and mechanism of evolution , Role of mutation in agriculture, origin of species.
Microorganisms and diversities of plant life:- Elementary idea and economic importance of virus, bactria, fungi, algae and lichen, Elementary idea ofgryophyte, pterodophytes and gymnosperms.
Process in plants:-  Absorption and transport of water and minerals, pterodophytes, Stomatal mechanism, Life energy and ATP, Respiration and Fermentation, photosynthesis, Elementary idea of protein synthesis, growth reproduction, movements(with special reference to geotropism and phototropism).
Environmental biology:- Man and his environment, Biotic community, Ecological adaptations(Hydrophytes and Xerophytes).
Botany and Human welfare:- Agriculture crops – Brief description and economic importance of crop plants like Rice, Gram(green gram0 jute, Groundnut, Sugarcane and potato.
Common plant diseases- Control of blight in rice rot of sugarcane, Forestry, Genetic conservation and crop improvement.
Genetic engineering and biotechnology:-  Recombinant DNA, Gene library, Transgenic plants, Fermentation, Bakery, Antibiotics Monochloral antibodies.

4.ZOOLOGY
Animal world:- Definition, scope and branch of Zoology species concept, bionomial nomenclature, classification, scientific name of some common animals Fishes -  rohu, bhakura, mrigal, Amphibians frog, toad, Reptiles – house lizard, garden lizard crocodile, turtle, snakes – cobra, Krait Birds fowl. Peacock, pigeon, Mammal- tiger, lion, elephant, dog,cow, tabbit, man.
Diversity of life
Kingdom-protasia :- General characters of the phylum protozoa, Classification amoeba entamoeba paramoeba, euglena, trypanosome, plasmodium.
Kingdom-animalia:- Concept of body plan, symmetry, coleom, germ layers.
General characters of Non-chordata like – porifera, coelenterate, platy helminth, nematahelminthes, annelid, athopod, mollusca, echinodermata and hemirhordata.
Multi Cellularity in Animals:- Animal tissues- Types – epithelial, connective (details about blood and lymph), Muscular and nervous-organs and organ systems.
Locomotion:- Locomotory organelis in protozoans, hydra, annelid, brief account of joints and muscles in movement of man, modes of nutrition-Nutrition in amoeba.
Digestive System of man- Structure and function of alimentary canal associated glands, physiology of digestion and absorption.
Types of respiration:- Structure and function of respiratory system in man: Respiratory organs, mechanics of pulmonary respiration, plunomary exchange of gas, transport of gases, Glycolysis and Kreb’s cycle.
Types of Circulation:- Open circulation, closed circulatory system in man: Structure of Heart, Cardiac cycle, Arteries, veins, Capilaries, Portal system, Coronary circulation, Blood pressure, Respiratory pigments, group and coagulation.
Excretory reproduction in Man:- structure and function of kidney.
Control and coordination in Man:- Nervous system central, Peripheral and autonomic sense organs, endocrine system.
Types of Reproduction:- Asexual, Binary and multiple fission, Budding.
Sexual reproduction in man:- Male and female reproductive system, menstrual cycle.
Genetics:- Chromosomes and heredity: Heredity and viriation, mendelian principle, laws of heredity, chromosomes, Interaction of genes, chromosomal variation.
Evolution:- Origin of life Anatomical embryological biochemical, palaentological, and biogeographically evidences of evolutions, Drawin’s theory of natural selection, Modern synthetic theory.

Environmental Biology:- Biosphere and ecosystem.
Environmental pollution:- Source, effects and control of air, water and sound pollution.
Common Human Disesase:- Non communicable disease – Diabates and cardiac diseases. Communicable diseases like amoebiasis, filariasis, malaria(Mode of inflection – pathogens, prevention and treatment).
Defence Mechanism of Body:- Cells, Immune system and their function, immune deficiency in AIDS.
Wild life conservation:- Importance of wild life, causes of extinction, threatened species-endangered, vulnerable and rare species, conservation of wild life.